Building & Construction

16,545 products found in Building & Construction
Dytek® A product card banner

INVISTA

Dytek® A

Brand: Dytek

Applications: Decorative Paints, Other Electrical & Electronics Applications, Exploration & Upstream

Product Families: Performance Additives, Surface Protective Additives, Catalysts & Initiators

Chemical Family: Diamines

DYTEK® A amine (2-methylpentamine-1,5-diamine) is a methyl branched diamine with differential reactivity of each amine group that allows for crystallinity disruption in various applications such as high temperature nylon and polyamides, polyurethane chain extenders, and epoxy hardeners. It is also used in applications such as water treatment, corrosion inhibition, and metalworking fluids where amine functionality and pH control are important. DYTEK®A has 93% recycle content.

Vynoklear product card banner

VYNOVA

VynoKlear

Brand: VynoKlear

Applications: Sports & Recreation, Jacketing & Insulation, Building Wires & Power Cables

Product Families: Vinyl Polymers

Chemical Family: Vinyls, Vinylics & Vinyl Derivatives

Polymer Name: Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

End Uses: Roofing Membranes, Tubing, Medical Packaging

VynoKlear is a high molecular weight vinyl chloride homopolymer produced by a suspension process with no addition of antioxidant. After mixing with appropriate additives, VynoKlear is suitable for extrusion, calendering or injection moulding of semirigid and flexible PVC. Its superior porosity, compatibility, and transparency make it ideal for clear medical products, waterproofing membranes, and innovative flexible consumer goods and cables.

Isofol 28 product card banner

Sasol

ISOFOL 28

Brand: ISOFOL

Applications: Fluids & Lubricants, Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications

Product Families: Other Functional Additives, Performance Additives, Intermediates

Chemical Family: Alcohols

End Uses: Oil/Gas Applications, Textile Applications, Personal Care

ISOFOL 28 is a primary, saturated alcohol with defined branching of the carbon chain. It can be chemically described as 2-dodecyclhexandecanol and is also referred to as C28 Guerbet alcohol.

Sasolab C12l product card banner

Sasol

SASOLAB C12L

Brand: SASOLAB

Applications: Fluids & Lubricants, Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications

Product Families: Surface Protective Additives, Performance Additives, Rheology Modifiers & Stabilizers

Chemical Family: Alkyl Benzenes

End Uses: Textile Applications, Oil/Gas Applications, Industrial Applications

Sasol Chemicals SASOLAB C12L is a high quality linear alkylbenzene (LAB) produced by Sasol Chemicals at its various manufacturing plants. It is distributed from storage locations around the world. SASOLAB C12L is a clear, odorless, oily liquid. It has an average molecular weight around 240. For documents specific to a region, please contact Sasol using the 'Request Document' button.

Ez-blox® product card banner

AdvanSix

EZ-Blox®

Brand: EZ-Blox

Applications: Sealants & Caulks, Architectural Coatings, Exploration & Upstream

Product Families: Lubricant Protective Additives, Chain Extenders & Crosslinkers, Surface Modifiers

End Uses: Drilling Fluids

Labeling Claims: Water-free, Low Toxicity, High Purity

EZ-Blox® optimizes the performance of alkyd-based paint and coating systems by preventing a surface skin from forming on top when it comes into contact with atmospheric oxygen, for example, when containers are opened after use. Produced at our Hopewell, Virginia manufacturing plant, this breakthrough product offers equivalent efficacy and compatibility as the highest standard MEKO, thus providing a safe, cost effective and proven drop-in replacement for MEKO. With REACH-certification and a distinct, low-toxicity profile, EZ-Blox® is the ideal solution for paints and coatings producers looking to reformulate their high performance alkyd-based systems ahead of the ECHA 's March 1, 2022 reclassification and labelling requirements.

Jer™ Yx7105 product card banner

Mitsubishi Chemical

jER™ YX7105

Brand: jER

Applications: Appliances & Electronics, Conformal Coatings, Consumer Electronics

Product Families: Epoxies, Thermoset Resins

Chemical Family: Epoxy & Epoxy Derivatives

Polymer Name: Epoxy Resins & Compounds

jER™ YX7105 is an adduct formed from the reaction of epichlorohydrin and an aliphatic and aromatic polyol.

Kalrez® Spectrum™ 6375 product card banner

DuPont

Kalrez® Spectrum™ 6375

Brand: Kalrez

Applications: Pipes & Plumbing, Cooling & Climate, Fuel Systems

Product Families: Fluoroelastomers, Parts & Shapes

Chemical Family: Fluoropolymers

Polymer Name: Perfluoroelastomer (FFKM)

End Uses: Valve Parts, Electrical Connectors, Logging While Drilling Tools

Kalrez® Spectrum™ 6375 is designed to give outstanding performance in the widest possible range of chemicals and temperatures. Mixed streams, once a problem for many chemical processors, can now be handled by 6375, furthermore, the curing system also allows for a maximum service temperature of 275°C (525 °F) which translates to increased chemical resistance over all temperature ranges, especially if high temperature process excursions occur. This combination of chemical and thermal resistance provides advantages for chemical processors. Kalrez® Spectrum™ 6375 is a carbon black-filled product for general use in O-rings, seals, diaphragms and other parts specifically for the chemical process industry. This product has excellent broad chemical resistance, good mechanical properties, and outstanding hot-air aging properties. Kalrez® Spectrum™ 6375 is well suited for use in mixed process streams because of its excellent resistance to acids, bases, and amines. It is also recommended for use in hot water, steam, pure ethylene oxide and propylene oxide.

Jer™ Yx8000d product card banner

Mitsubishi Chemical

jER™ YX8000D

Brand: jER

Applications: Appliances & Electronics, LEDs, Packaging & Assembly Materials

Product Families: Epoxies, Thermoset Resins

Chemical Family: Bisphenol Epoxy Resins, Epoxy & Epoxy Derivatives, Bisphenol A Type Epoxy

Polymer Name: Epoxy Resins & Compounds

jER™ YX8000D is a hydrogenated bisphenol A type liquid epoxy resin.

Delrin® 100 Nc010 product card banner

DuPont

Delrin® 100 NC010

Brand: Delrin

Applications: Other Consumer Goods Applications, Automotive Electronics, Other Industrial Applications

Product Families: Polyacetals

Polymer Name: Polyacetal Homopolymer (POM)

End Uses: Gears, Bearings, Automotive Applications

Delrin® 100 is a high viscosity acetal homopolymer for use in easy-to-fill moulds. Delrin® 100 provides optimum mechanical performance with its excellent combination of toughness and strength.

Dytek® Dch-99 product card banner

INVISTA

Dytek® DCH-99

Brand: Dytek

Applications: Textile Manufacturing, Water Treatment, Exploration & Upstream

Product Families: Catalysts & Initiators, Surface Protective Additives, Hydrocarbons

Chemical Family: Diamines

DYTEK® DCH-99 (1,2-diamainecyclohexane) is a cyclic aliphatic diamine made of 100% reclaimed material that is primarily used in epoxy coatings and composites. It provides chemical resistance over a broad range of chemicals, which makes it a superior choice for industrial and marine coatings. Other applications include mining, oil & gas, and pharmaceutical intermediates.

Lipoxol 300 Med product card banner

Sasol

LIPOXOL 300 MED

Brand: LIPOXOL

Applications: Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications, Other Industrial Applications

Product Families: Stabilizers, Solvents & Carriers, Rheology Modifiers

Chemical Family: Polyglycols, Amines, Polyols

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners, Cosmetics, Textile Applications

A clear liquid polymer soluble in water, LIPOXOL 300 MED is produced by the addition of ethylene oxide to ethylene glycol. For documents specific to a region, please contact Sasol using the 'Request Document' button.

Aniodac 11P 7-27 product card banner

Sasol

ANIODAC 11P 7-27

Brand: ANIODAC

Applications: Fluids & Lubricants, Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications

Product Families: Surface Protective Additives, Rheology Modifiers & Stabilizers

Chemical Family: Alkyl Ether Sulfates

End Uses: Textile Applications, Oil/Gas Applications, Industrial Applications

ANIODAC 11P 7-27 is the sodium salt of short chain LIAL 111 fatty alcohol poly-ethoxy sulphate. For documents specific to a region, please contact Sasol using the 'Request Document' button.

Delrin® 100Af product card banner

DuPont

Delrin® 100AF

Brand: Delrin

Applications: Other Industrial Applications, Other Parts & Components, Structural Components

Product Families: Polyacetals

Polymer Name: Polyacetal Homopolymer (POM)

End Uses: Cams, Bushings, Bearings

Delrin® 100AF is a high viscosity acetal homopolymer containing 20% Teflon® PTFE fibers. It is designed for applications requiring low wear and/or low friction against steel, itself, or other plastics.Due to the color of the Teflon® PTFE fibers, the natural color of this material is brown.

Dytek® Bhmt product card banner

INVISTA

Dytek® BHMT

Brand: Dytek

Applications: Infrastructure, Roads & Paving, Tapes & Labels, Coatings & Markings

Product Families: Amines, Intermediates, Rheology Modifiers & Stabilizers

Chemical Family: Amines

DYTEK® BHMT (bis-hexamethylene triamine) is a long chain triamine that is used as a binder in asphalt, as a phosphonate scavenger and flocculant in oil & gas applications, and as a hardener in epoxy coating and adhesive applications.

Isofol 24 product card banner

Sasol

ISOFOL 24

Brand: ISOFOL

Applications: Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications, Other Industrial Applications

Product Families: Other Functional Additives, Performance Additives, Surface Modifiers

Chemical Family: Alcohols

End Uses: Cosmetics, Textile Applications, Personal Care

ISOFOL 24 is a primary, saturated alcohol with defined branching of the carbon chain. It can be chemically described as 2-decyl-1-tetradecanol and is also referred to as C24 Guerbet alcohol. For documents specific to a region, please contact Sasol using the 'Request Document' button.

Sasolwax Spray 105-G Ef product card banner

Sasol

SASOLWAX SPRAY 105-G EF

Brand: SASOLWAX

Applications: Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications, Other Healthcare & Pharma Applications

Product Families: Surface Modifiers, Functional Additives

Chemical Family: Fischer Tropsch Waxes

SASOLWAX Spray 105-G EF is extra fine micronized FT Hardwax no softening in thin film solvent based formulations, flexographic and paste inks and can coatings.

Kalrez® Spectrum™ 7075 product card banner

DuPont

Kalrez® Spectrum™ 7075

Brand: Kalrez

Applications: Other Automotive Applications, Sports & Recreation, Pipes & Plumbing

Product Families: Fluoroelastomers, Parts & Shapes

Chemical Family: Fluoropolymers

Polymer Name: Perfluoroelastomer (FFKM)

End Uses: Valve Parts, Pump Parts, Hot Glue Delivery Nozzle

Kalrez® perfluoroelastomer parts are the material of choice for mechanical seals, valves, flanges and other demanding chemical and hydrocarbon processing applications. Kalrez® Spectrum™ 7075 has enhanced physical properties including very low compression set and improved seal force retention. It is a carbon black-filled product utilizing proprietary cure chemistry. Its mechanical properties are designed for improved sealing performance in both high temperature environments and temperature cycling situations. Kalrez® Spectrum™ 7075 O-rings have a glossy finish. This product was specifically developed for the chemical and hydrocarbon industries to provide improved chemical and thermal resistance better than the industry standard set by Kalrez® 4079.

Sasol Bht product card banner

Sasol

Sasol BHT

Applications: Fluids & Lubricants, Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications

Product Families: Performance Additives, Lubricant Protective Additives, Rheology Modifiers & Stabilizers

Chemical Family: Phenols & Phenolics

End Uses: Construction Applications, Automotive Applications, Specialty Oils

BHT is a hindered phenolic antioxidant/preservative that is used widely in Plastics, Elastomers, Lubricants, Oils and Food applications. BHT can be stored, transferred, processed and disposed of safely when proper procedures and safeguards are employed in industrial use. For documents specific to a region, please contact Sasol using the 'Request Document' button.

Hytrel® 6356 product card banner

DuPont

Hytrel® 6356

Brand: Hytrel

Applications: Consumer Electronics, Industrial Automation, Other Consumer Goods Applications

Product Families: Thermoplastic Polyester Elastomers (TPE-E)

Chemical Family: Polyesters

Polymer Name: Thermoplastic Copolyester Elastomer (TPC-ET)

End Uses: Appliances, Sporting Goods, Office Automation Equipment

Hytrel® 6356 is a medium modulus grade with nominal hardness of 63D. It contains non-discoloring stabilizer. It can be processed by many conventional thermoplastic processing techniques like injection molding and extrusion.Typical applications:Hose and tubing, mandrels, wire and cable, film, profiles, seals, gears, sprockets, fuel tanks, containers with good permeation resistance to gases and liquids.

Advansix Acetone Nf Grade product card banner

AdvanSix

AdvanSix Acetone NF Grade

Applications: Polycarbonates Manufacturing, Epoxy Resin Manufacturing, Acrylic Manufacturing

Product Families: Solvents, Ketones, Aldehydes & Ketones

Chemical Family: Ketones

End Uses: Amine Derivative Manufacturing, Fungicide Manufacturing, Pesticide Manufacturing

AdvanSix High Purity Acetone technology specifications include low impurities, low benzene, and low water content and is produced to the highest purity product requirements for key industry segments. Grades of AdvanSix Acetone are sold meeting the high purity NF and ACS certification requirements and low water requirements, to customers around the world and across industries including Building & Construction, Agriculture & Feed, Automotive & Transportation, Adhesives, Paints & Coatings, Electronics, and Pharmaceutical applications. High Purity Acetone is used in Building and Construction applications as an intermediate in the production of construction adhesives; DIY and Consumer applications as repair adhesives; As a building envelope material intermediate in the production of architechural coatings, Exterior insulation and finishing systems, and glazing and window elements; Decorative paints and coatings, pipes and plumbing cement systems; Construction chemical uses in adhesives; Acetone is used as an intermediate in the flooring and surface segment as floor coatings; Infastructure coatings and markings; Roofing sealants and caulks. High Purity Acetone is used in the Agriculture & Feed markets as an intermediate in the production of agricultural pest control, and industrial weed and vegetation control. High Purity Acetone is used in the Automotive and Transportation market as an intermediate in the production of aftermarket parts, exterior and body parts, interior parts and lighting; as a coating for aerospace, automotive OEM, marine, rail, mass transit, off road and commercial vehicle coatings. High Purity Acetone is used in Electrical & Electronic markets as an intermediate in the production of devices and assemblies for automotive and consumer electronics, Packaging and assembly adhesives and sealants; Printed Circuit Boards and other semiconductor manufacturing applications. High Purity Acetone is used in the Healthcare & Pharma markets as an oral and dental drug delivery solution and as an intermediate in tubing and fluid handling. NF Acetone is extensively used in API pharmaceutical manufacturing, as an excipient and coating, and processing aid. High Purity Acetone is used in Home and Personal Care markets in nail care applications. High Purity Acetone is used in the Paints & Coatings market in the automotive and transportation segment as an intermediate in aerospace, automotive OEM, marine, rail, mass transit, off road and commercial vehicle coatings; High purity Acetone is used in architechural, decorative, flooring, infrastructure, roads, and paving, wood coatings and finishes applications. Industrial coating applications include agricultural and construction, appliances and consumer goods, coil coatings, container coatings, furniture coatings, and metal coatings. Packaging coating applications include film and foil, overprint varnishes, primers and lacquers and other aersol coating applications.

Jer™ 4250 product card banner

Mitsubishi Chemical

jER™ 4250

Brand: jER

Applications: Appliances & Electronics, Conformal Coatings, Electronics Adhesives

Product Families: Epoxies, Thermoset Resins

Chemical Family: Epoxy & Epoxy Derivatives

Polymer Name: Epoxy Resins & Compounds

jER™ 4250 is a solid epoxy resin produced from Bisphenol A / Bisphenol F epoxy resin. Its molecular weight is high and softening points are high, too.

Sasolwax 5603 product card banner

Sasol

SASOLWAX 5603

Brand: SASOLWAX

Applications: Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Industrial Applications, Other Home & Personal Care Applications

Product Families: Other Functional Additives, Surface Modifiers, Functional Additives

Chemical Family: Waxes

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners, Cosmetics, Industrial Applications

SASOLWAX 5603 by Sasol is comprised of Paraffin waxes and Hydrocarbon waxes. It is commonly used as Barriers for a variety of applications in Textile and Skin Care.

Hytrel® 7246 product card banner

DuPont

Hytrel® 7246

Brand: Hytrel

Applications: Consumer Electronics, Industrial Automation, Apparel

Product Families: Thermoplastic Polyester Elastomers (TPE-E)

Chemical Family: Polyesters

Polymer Name: Thermoplastic Copolyester Elastomer (TPC-ET)

End Uses: Appliances, Sporting Goods, Office Automation Equipment

Hytrel® 7246 is a high modulus grade with nominal hardness of 72D. It contains non-discoloring stabilizer. It can be processed by many conventional thermoplastic processing techniques like injection molding and extrusion.The 72 Shore D hardness is based on a legacy method and is still used for grade identification purposes.Typical applications:Tubing, wire and cable jackets, gears and sprockets, oil field parts.

Jer™ Yl980 product card banner

Mitsubishi Chemical

jER™ YL980

Brand: jER

Applications: Appliances & Electronics, Potting Compounds, Other Packaging & Assembly Applications

Product Families: Epoxies, Thermoset Resins

Chemical Family: Bisphenol Epoxy Resins, Bisphenol A Type Epoxy, Epoxy & Epoxy Derivatives

Polymer Name: Epoxy Resins & Compounds

jER™ YL980 is Bisphenol A type liquid epoxy resin. It's very low chlorine.

Sylfat™ Fa1 product card banner

Kraton

SYLFAT™ FA1

Brand: SYLFAT

Applications: Bookbinding, Other Tapes, Labels & Graphics Applications, Other Tapes, Labels & Adhesives

Product Families: Other Resins & Binders, Functional Additives

Chemical Family: Fatty Acids

SYLFAT FA1 Tall Oil Fatty Acid (TOFA) combines a long carbon chain (C18) of relatively high unsaturation with the acid functionality of a carboxyl group (-COOH).

Jer™ Yx7110 product card banner

Mitsubishi Chemical

jER™ YX7110

Brand: jER

Applications: Appliances & Electronics, Conformal Coatings, Consumer Electronics

Product Families: Epoxies, Thermoset Resins

Chemical Family: Epoxy & Epoxy Derivatives

Polymer Name: Epoxy Resins & Compounds

jER™ YX7110 is an adduct formed from the reaction of epichlorohydrin and an aliphatic and aromatic polyol.

Sasol Acetone product card banner

Sasol

Sasol Acetone

Applications: Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications, Other Industrial Applications

Product Families: Aldehydes & Ketones, Intermediates

Chemical Family: Ketones

Acetone of 99.90 % mass purity. Used as a chemical intermediate in Methyl Methacrylate (MMA), Bis-Phenol A (BPA), MIBK, DAA, and MIBC production. Used as a solvent in paints, inks, nail polish removers, acetylene cylinders, adhesives. Also used as a solvent in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, vitamins and cosmetics. For documents specific to a region, please contact Sasol using the 'Request Document' button.

Dic.pps® Z-230 product card banner

DIC Corporation

DIC.PPS® Z-230

Brand: DIC.PPS

Applications: Pipes & Hoses, Cooling & Climate, Fuel Systems

Product Families: High Performance Thermoplastics

Chemical Family: Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS)

Polymer Name: Polyphenylene Sulfide (PPS)

End Uses: Valve Parts, Plumbing Parts, Lighting Applications

Outline: Z-230 is a 30% glass fiber reinforced super tough PPS compound that provides excellent impact, thermal shock, and hot water resistance. Color: Black

Jer™ Yx4000 product card banner

Mitsubishi Chemical

jER™ YX4000

Brand: jER

Applications: Appliances & Electronics, Conformal Coatings, Consumer Electronics

Product Families: Epoxies, Thermoset Resins

Chemical Family: Epoxy & Epoxy Derivatives

Polymer Name: Epoxy Resins & Compounds

jER™ YX4000 is an adduct formed from the reaction of epichlorohydrin and tetramethylbiphenol

Marlosol He 9050 product card banner

Sasol

MARLOSOL HE 9050

Brand: MARLOSOL

Applications: Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications, Other Industrial Applications

Product Families: Esters & Ethers, Surface Modifiers, Functional Additives

Chemical Family: Polyethers

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners, Household Cleaners

MARLOSOL HE 9050 is a polyethylene glycol monohexylether. It is manufactured in Novaky (SL) plant. The product is a water miscible solvent with a high boiling point. It combines excellent solvency with wetting properties and finds application in industrial & household cleaners. In paint & coatings it can be used as humectant, coalescing agent or plasticizer.

Jer™ Yx8040 product card banner

Mitsubishi Chemical

jER™ YX8040

Brand: jER

Applications: Appliances & Electronics, LEDs, Packaging & Assembly Materials

Product Families: Epoxies, Thermoset Resins

Chemical Family: Epoxy & Epoxy Derivatives

Polymer Name: Epoxy Resins & Compounds

jER™ YX8040 is a hydrogenated bisphenol A type solid epoxy resin, with high molecular weight.

United Initiators Mypc product card banner

United Initiators

United Initiators MYPC

Applications: Roof Shingles & Tiles, Pavement, Highways, Roads & Bridges, Parking Structures & Stadiums

Product Families: Initiators, Promotors & Catalysts

Chemical Family: Peroxides, Carbonates

White, greasy flakes, consisting of technically pure Dimyristylperoxydicarbonate. This long-chained aliphatic peroxydicarbonate is used as an initiator (radical source) in the polymerisation of monomers, e.g. vinylchloride.

Disperal Hp 14 product card banner

Sasol

DISPERAL HP 14

Brand: DISPERAL

Applications: Other Industrial Applications, Other Consumer Goods Applications, Other Building & Construction Applications

Product Families: Inorganics, Rheology Modifiers, Surface Modifiers

Chemical Family: Boehmites

DISPERAL HP 14 is a high-purity, acid dispersible boehmite. It exhibits a unique combination of purity, consistency, and dispersibility that makes it an excellent material for use in colloidal applications. The Sasol range of dispersible boehmites has traditionally been used in application such as sol-gel ceramics, catalysis, refractory materials, rheology control, and surface frictionizing.

Marlon Arl product card banner

Sasol

MARLON ARL

Brand: MARLON

Applications: Fluids & Lubricants, Other Industrial Applications, Other Home & Personal Care Applications

Product Families: Surface Protective Additives, Other Resins & Binders, Intermediates

Chemical Family: Polyolefins, Alkyl Sulfonates

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners, Cosmetics, Industrial Applications

MARLON ARL is powdered alkylbenzene sulfonate, sodium salt with approx. 80% active matter. For documents specific to a region, please contact Sasol using the 'Request Document' button.

Veova™ 10 Monomer product card banner

Hexion Inc.

VeoVa™ 10 Monomer

Brand: VeoVa

Applications: Decorative Paints & Coatings, Industrial Coatings, Wood Coatings & Finishes

Product Families: Vinyls, Vinylics & Vinyl Derivatives, Monomers

Chemical Family: Vinyls, Vinylics & Vinyl Derivatives

VeoVa™ 10 monomer is the vinyl ester of Versatic™ acid 10. The homopolymer of VeoVa 10 monomer has a relatively low Tg of -3 °C. VeoVa 10 monomer can be used as a modifying comonomer in the preparation of vinyl acetate based polymer latices, which are used for the manufacture of high-quality emulsion paints. VeoVa 10 vinyl ester is also used as a comonomer with acrylates for the production of emulsion and solution polymers.

Chemraz™ Xrz product card banner

Greene Tweed

Chemraz™ XRZ

Brand: Chemraz

Applications: Pipes & Hoses, Pipes & Plumbing, Cooling & Climate

Product Families: Fluoroelastomers

Chemical Family: Fluoropolymers

Polymer Name: Perfluoroelastomer (FFKM)

End Uses: Valve Parts, Valves

Chemraz XRZ is a Perfluoroelastomer product. It is available in North America. Applications of Chemraz XRZ include engineering/industrial parts and sealing applications. Primary characteristic: high purity.