Cleaning Ingredients

2,457 products found in Cleaning Ingredients
Aspire™ G Super Concentrate product card banner

Pilot Chemical

Aspire™ G Super Concentrate

Brand: Aspire

Applications: Other Home Care, Other Institutional & Industrial Care, Industrial Cleaning

Product Families: Other Surfactants, Emulsifiers & Demulsifiers, Other Functional Additives

Chemical Family: Chemical Mixtures & Blends

End Uses: Cleaners, Liquid Detergents, Car Wash

Aspire™ G Super Concentrate is an over-97% active liquid blend of powerful anionic,nonionic and cationic surfactants that work synergistically to remove the toughest soils. The exceptional synergy results in product formulations with chemical loadings that are uncommonly low. This unique performance blend has excellent wetting, surface tension reduction, emulsification, solubilization and particulate removal properties making it ideal for a wide variety of cleaning products.

Syntran® 5905 product card banner

Interpolymer Corporation

SYNTRAN® 5905

Brand: SYNTRAN

Applications: Other Institutional & Industrial Care, Laundry & Fabric Care, Dish Care

Product Families: Stabilizers, Performance Additives, Other Functional Additives

End Uses: Fragrances & Perfumes, Body Creams & Lotions, Liquid Detergents

SYNTRAN 5905 is a styrene/acrylic emulsion which is designed to modify the visual appearance of personal care products such as liquid shampoos, bath and shower products, and liquid hand soaps, from clear to opaque without affecting the other desired properties. SYNTRAN opacifiers improve brightness and whiteness, can be used at significantly lower levels, and have excellent formulation stability.

Imbentin Ag/168s/250 product card banner

KLK Kolb

Imbentin AG/168S/250

Brand: Imbentin

Applications: Laundry & Fabric Care, Dish Care, Commercial Laundry

Product Families: Nonionic Surfactants, Other Functional Additives

End Uses: Detergents

Imbentin-AG/168S/250 comprises of natural alcohols C16-18, ethoxylated with 25 mol EO (INCI Declaration: Ceteareth-25). A non-ionic surfactant possessing excellent detergent and solubilizing properties, suitable for applications in cleaning products, the leather & textile industry and other industries.

Polyglykol® 6000 P Polyethlyene Glycol product card banner

Clariant

Polyglykol® 6000 P Polyethlyene Glycol

Brand: Polyglykol

Applications: Oral, Skin Care, Hair Care

Product Families: Binders & Disintegrants, Solvents & Carriers, Performance Additives

Chemical Family: Polyols, Polyglycols, Polyethylene Glycols

End Uses: Facial Moisturizer, Hair Conditioner, Hair Styling Products

Polyglykol 6000 P is a polethylene glycol with a mean molecular weight of 6000. It is a solid in powder form.

Novel 610-4 Ethoxylate product card banner

Sasol

NOVEL 610-4 Ethoxylate

Brand: NOVEL

Applications: Surface Care

Product Families: Other Functional Additives

NOVEL 610 ethoxylates (N610) are based on linear C6-10 Ziegler alcohols. N610-4 shows excellent hard-surface cleaning performance. Soil removal increases with increasing surfactant concentration. Optimum hard-surface cleaning performance occurs near the minimum in interfacial tension against soybean oil.

Levenol® H&b product card banner

Kao Chemicals

LEVENOL® H&B

Brand: LEVENOL

Applications: Skin Care, Bath & Shower, Baby Care

Product Families: Stabilizers, Rheology Modifiers, Other Surfactants

Chemical Family: Glycerol Esters & Derivatives, Alcohols

End Uses: Body Wash & Cleanser, Facial Cleanser, Baby Soap

LEVENOL® H&B is an extra-mild non-ionic surfactant - glycereth-2 cocoate - with emulsifying properties. Skin emollient and moisturizing agent. Foam booster and thickening agent. Ecological product. It doesnt need any risk or safety warnings on its label.

Emulsogen® Mtp 070 product card banner

Clariant

Emulsogen® MTP 070

Brand: Emulsogen

Applications: Surface Care, Industrial Cleaning

Product Families: Emulsifiers & Demulsifiers

Chemical Family: Alcohol Ethoxylates

Emulsogen MTP 070 is a multifunctional label-free nonionic emulsifier for metal working fluids with outstanding lime soap dispersing and low foaming properties. Emulsogen MTP 070 is able to disperse large quantities of calcium oleate or tallate. Because of its excellent solubility in almost all kinds of mineral oils, Emulsogen MTP 070 can be used as an anti-wear additive to improve lubricity. Emulsogen MTP 070 has a sustainable profile, reducing the impact on the environment and being safe to the personal health.

Dantoserve™ Sg product card banner

Lonza

DANTOSERVE™ SG

Brand: DANTOSERVE

Applications: Surface Care, Laundry & Fabric Care, Dish Care

Product Families: Preservatives, Other Disinfectants & Antimicrobials

Chemical Family: Isothiazolinones, Imidazolines, Chemical Mixtures & Blends

End Uses: Dishwash Detergents, Bar Soaps

Dantoserve™ SG preservative is an advanced system engineered for a wide variety of household and industrial product applications. US EPA registered, highly stable and safer to handle than conventional approaches, Dantoserve™ SG synergistically combines the activity of two well-established preservative chemistries—hydantoins and isothiazolinones.

Genapol® T 500 P product card banner

Clariant

Genapol® T 500 P

Brand: Genapol

Applications: Industrial Cleaning

Product Families: Other Surfactants, Emulsifiers & Demulsifiers, Performance Additives

Chemical Family: Epoxy & Epoxy Derivatives, Glycols, Glycol Ethers

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners

Genapol® T 500 P is a powder C16/C18 fatty alcohol polyglycol. It is a nonionic granulation auxiliary for the detergent industry. Applications include emulsifiers, dispersing agents, solubilizers, binder for granulations, and industrial cleaning agents.

Dantogard® Plus Liquid product card banner

Lonza

DANTOGARD® Plus Liquid

Brand: DANTOGARD

Applications: Surface Care, Other Home Care, Laundry & Fabric Care

Product Families: Preservatives, Other Disinfectants & Antimicrobials

Chemical Family: Chemical Mixtures & Blends, Heterocyclic Compounds

End Uses: Laundry Detergents, Household Cleaners, Hand Dishwash

Dantogard™ Plus Liquid is based on DMDM Hydantoin and lodopropynyl Butylcarbamate and is compatible in a range of aqueous formulations including surfactants, household cleaning products, and dish detergents to name a few.

Euroquat™ Hcb La product card banner

EOC group

Euroquat™ HCB LA

Brand: Euroquat

Applications: Other Home Care, Laundry & Fabric Care, Dish Care

Product Families: Amphoteric Surfactants, Rheology Modifiers, Foam Control Agents

End Uses: Foot Cleansers, Antiperspirants & Deodorants, Liquid Detergents

Euroquat™ HCB LA by EOC group is comprised of Cocamidopropyl Betaine and 1-Propanaminium, 3-amino-N-(carboxymethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-, N-coco acyl derivs., inner salts. It is commonly used as Conditioning Agent, Foaming Agent, Cleansing Agent, Foam Booster, Hair Conditioning Agent, Skin Conditioning Agent, Viscosity Modifier, Amphoteric Surfactant, etc for a variety of applications in Hair Care, Skin Care, Oral Care, Baby Care, Treatment Products, Household Cleaning and Bath And Body Care. It is a Oleochemical and Chemical Synthesis product. It is available in Liquid form.

Eco Natrasense™ Ws Mbal product card banner

Croda

ECO Natrasense™ WS MBAL

Brand: ECO Natrasense

Applications: Vehicle & Machinery, Institutional & Catering, Surface Care

Product Families: Performance Additives, Wetting & Dispersion Aids, Other Functional Additives

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners, Hard Surface Cleaners, Hand Dishwash

100% bio-based. Natrasense™ fatty alcohol ethoxylates are surfactants formed by reacting 100% bio-based ethylene oxide with a 100% bio-based fatty alcohol. 100% bio-based ethylene oxide is made from 100% bio-based ethanol, derived from corn, sugar cane or biomass. The 100% bio-based fatty alcohol is derived from either palm oil, palm kernel oil, or coconut oil. The NATRASENSE™ series contains both hydrophilic and lipophilic products. Depending on the HLB value, NATRASENSE™ surfactants can be used to form either oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions or water-in-oil (W/O) emulsions, as well as to solubilize oils and improve wetting. Their performance as solubilizers is considered to be outstanding. The NATRASENSE™ family specifically out-performs and is designed to replace nonylphenol ethoxylates (NPEs/APEs). NATRASENSE™ fatty alcohol ethoxylates are widely used in many personal care applications as well as industrial cleaning, fiber finish, crop protection, water treatment, paints and coatings, lubricants

Prisorine™ 3501 product card banner

Croda

Prisorine™ 3501

Brand: Prisorine

Applications: Commercial Laundry, Surface Care, Laundry & Fabric Care

Product Families: Rheology Modifiers, Emulsifiers & Demulsifiers

End Uses: Powder Detergents, Liquid Laundry Detergents, Liquid Detergents

Prisorine™ 3501 is a grade of isostearic acid containing high levels of branched chain C16 - C22 saturated fatty acids. This liquid product is based entirely on the parent oil and exhibits great thermal, oxidative and odor stability.

Parafol 18-97 product card banner

Sasol

PARAFOL 18-97

Brand: PARAFOL

Applications: Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications, Other Industrial Applications

Product Families: Other Additives, Hydrocarbons, Solvents & Carriers

Chemical Family: Paraffins

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners, Drilling Fluids, Metalworking Fluids

PARAFOL single cut paraffin are an excellent choice when looking for a phase change material for latent heat storage applications including functional textiles and construction. PARAFOL single cut paraffin are an alternative choice when looking for non-polar solvents, oils or wax additives based on renewable resources for environmentally friendly formulation concepts.

Modisurf™ Clarity Np product card banner

Croda

ModiSurf™ Clarity NP

Brand: ModiSurf

Applications: Vehicle & Machinery, Institutional & Catering, Surface Care

Product Families: Performance Additives, Detergents & Degreasers

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners, Hard Surface Cleaners

ModiSurf™ Clarity NP is a preservtive free additive for hard surface cleaners that forms a protective layer on glass and polymeric surfaces which repels limescale and reduces the tendency of surfaces to mist up. Effective in acid, neutral and alkaline cleaners, ModiSurf Clarity can be formulated into a wide range of products and provides a range of consumer benefits. Unlike most alternatives, ModiSurf Clarity is biodegradable and has a high content of renewable raw materials.

Span™ 20 product card banner

Croda

Span™ 20

Brand: Span

Applications: Vehicle & Machinery, Institutional & Catering, Surface Care

Product Families: Performance Additives, Other Functional Additives, Emulsifiers & Demulsifiers

Chemical Family: Sorbitan Esters

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners, Wax Polishes, Shoe Polishes

SP Span 20 MBAL is a biodegradable surfactant based on a natural fatty acid (lauric acid) and the sugar alcohol sorbitol and has been manufactured via the RSPO's Mass Balance System. This sorbitan ester is highly effective at forming O/W emulsions, particularly when used in combination with its polyethoxylated derivative, Tween 20. Span 20 is SPO derived and DfE approved.

Marlinat 242/28 product card banner

Sasol

MARLINAT 242/28

Brand: MARLINAT

Applications: Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications, Other Industrial Applications

Product Families: Anionic Surfactants, Surface Protective Additives, Rheology Modifiers & Stabilizers

Chemical Family: Alkyl Ether Sulfates

End Uses: Textile Applications, Cosmetics, Personal Care

MARLINAT 242/28 is an Alkyl Ether Sulfate belonging to Sasol's Sulfates range of products For documents specific to a region, please contact Sasol using the 'Request Document' button.

Marlipal O 13/80 product card banner

Sasol

MARLIPAL O 13/80

Brand: MARLIPAL

Applications: Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications, Other Industrial Applications

Product Families: Other Functional Additives, Nonionic Surfactants, Surface Protective Additives

Chemical Family: Alcohol Ethoxylates

End Uses: Textile Processing, Textile Auxiliaries, Cosmetics

MARLIPAL O13/80 is based on a primary, multibranched C13 alcohol with approx. 8 moles ethylene oxide. It is used in personal care as water-soluble emulsifier, applicable for all kinds of liquid personal cleansing products. For documents specific to a region, please contact Sasol using the 'Request Document' button.

Marlipal O 13/99 product card banner

Sasol

MARLIPAL O 13/99

Brand: MARLIPAL

Applications: Other Printing & Packaging Applications, Other Paints & Coatings Applications, Other Industrial Applications

Product Families: Other Functional Additives, Nonionic Surfactants, Surface Protective Additives

Chemical Family: Alcohol Ethoxylates

End Uses: Textile Processing, Textile Auxiliaries, Cosmetics

MARLIPAL O13/99 is based on a primary, multibranched C13 alcohol with approx. 9 moles ethylene oxide. The product contains 10% water to obtain a clear product. It is used in personal care as water-soluble emulsifier, applicable for all kinds of liquid personal cleansing products. For documents specific to a region, please contact Sasol using the 'Request Document' button.

Crodamol™ Gtcc product card banner

Croda

Crodamol™ GTCC

Brand: Crodamol

Applications: Wipes, Tissue & Towel, Institutional & Catering, Surface Care

Product Families: Performance Additives, Wetting & Dispersion Aids, Other Functional Additives

Chemical Family: Fatty Acid Esters

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners, Tissues

SP Crodamol™ GTCC MBAL is a fully saturated triglyceride with excellent emolliency and manufactured via the RSPO's Mass Balance System. It is entirely derived from vegetable resources and offers a sustainable alternative to petroleum-based mineral oil in a rnage of applications.

Sasol Triisopropanolamine product card banner

Sasol

Sasol Triisopropanolamine

Applications: Other Industrial Applications, Other Home & Personal Care Applications

Product Families: Surface Protective Additives, Intermediates, Functional Additives

Chemical Family: Alkanolamines

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners, Textile Applications, Oil/Gas Applications

Triisopropanolamine (TIPA) with a purity of 99% is an Triisopropyl Amine belonging to Sasol's Alkanol Amines range of products. For documents specific to a region, please contact Sasol using the 'Request Document' button.

Arlasilk™ Ptm product card banner

Croda

Arlasilk™ PTM

Brand: Arlasilk

Applications: Wipes, Tissue & Towel

Product Families: Emulsifiers & Demulsifiers

End Uses: Wet Wipes & Towelettes, Tissues

Arlasilk™ PTM is a coconut-derived multifunctional phospholipid complex designed for use in personal care and cosmetic products. It is composed predominantly of diester phosphatides with multiple medium chain groups. Arlasilk™ PTM combines gentle cleansing, conditioning and emulsification with a distinctive sensory experience. It can be utilized to minimize preservative requirements. Cosmetically, this product is recommended for use in deodorants/deodorizing sprays, wet wipes, rinse off products and emulsion systems.

Citrofol® Ai product card banner

Jungbunzlauer Suisse AG

CITROFOL® AI

Brand: CITROFOL

Applications: Oral, Surface Care, Treatment Products

Product Families: Conditioners & Emollients, Formulation & Processing Aids, Base Fluids, Glidants & Lubricants

Chemical Family: Esters

End Uses: Fragrances & Perfumes, Antiperspirants & Deodorants, Baby Bubble Bath

Jungbunzlauer CITROFOL® AI has been registered according to REACH Regulation at the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) in 2013.CITROFOL® AI consists 100 % out of natural materials, citric acid and ethanol, and is used as flavour and carrier for flavours in the food industry. It is also permitted as a processing aid to whip egg whites. In the personal care industry CITROFOL® AI is used as solvent, diluent and fixative by perfumers. It is well accepted as an active ingredient in deodorants; it inhibits the enzymatic decomposition of sweat components. CITROFOL® AI is a cosmetic raw material approved by ECOCERT GREENLIFE, conform to COSMOS Standard. In pharmaceutical applications CITROFOL® AI contributes as plasticiser to the performance of enteric-coated tablets.

Bio-soft® D-40 product card banner

Stepan Company

BIO-SOFT® D-40

Brand: BIO-SOFT

Applications: Other Home Care, Other Institutional & Industrial Care, Commercial Laundry

Product Families: Emulsifiers & Demulsifiers, Other Disinfectants & Antimicrobials, Foam Control Agents

Chemical Family: Sulfonic Acids & Derivatives

End Uses: Disinfectant Products, Detergents, Bathroom Cleaners

BIO-SOFT® D-40 is a linear alkyl benzene sulfonate liquid that is the proven choice for many applications. It provides superior detergency, foaming, wetting and emulsification properties at an economical cost. This product is used in laundry and dishwashing detergents, all-purpose cleaners, vehicle cleaning compounds and heavy duty commercial and industrial cleaners as well as industrial applications requiring special surface active properties.

Genapol® Pf 40 product card banner

Clariant

Genapol® PF 40

Brand: Genapol

Applications: Decorative Paints, Decorative Paints & Coatings, Laundry & Fabric Care

Product Families: Rheology Modifiers & Stabilizers, Dispersing & Wetting Additives, Other Surfactants

Chemical Family: Epoxy & Epoxy Derivatives, Polyethers, Propylene Oxide Copolymers

End Uses: Detergents, Bottle Wash, Industrial Cleaners

Genapol PF 40 is used as nonionic emulsifier for the emulsion polymerization of monomers like acrylates, styrene-acrylates and vinyl acetate.

Polyglykol® 8000 S Polethylene Glycol product card banner

Clariant

Polyglykol® 8000 S Polethylene Glycol

Brand: Polyglykol

Applications: Oral, Skin Care, Hair Care

Product Families: Binders & Disintegrants, Performance Additives, Other Functional Additives

Chemical Family: Polyols, Polyglycols, Polyethylene Glycols

End Uses: Antiperspirants & Deodorants, Bath Oils, Tablets & Salts, Anti-Aging Products

Polyglykol 8000 S is a polethylene glycol with a mean molecular weight of 8000. It is a solid in flake form.

Alkonat® Ce 200 F product card banner

Oxiteno

ALKONAT® CE 200 F

Brand: ALKONAT

Applications: Other Home Care, Industrial Cleaning, Surface Care

Product Families: Rheology Modifiers, Foam Control Agents, Detergents & Degreasers

Chemical Family: Alcohols, Polyethers

End Uses: Body Firming Lotion, Body Creams & Lotions, Antiperspirants & Deodorants

ALKONAT® CE product line is the reaction products of cetearyl alcohol of natural, vegetable origin with ethylene oxide (EO). By varying the degree of ethoxylation and the starting alcohol, products with a wide range of HLB values (Hydrophilic-Lipophilic Balance) are obtained. With a wide choice of surfactant, chemical and physical properties to choose from, it is possible to tailor a formulation to meet specific application requirements and performance targets.

Kalcol® 8098 product card banner

Kao Chemicals

KALCOL® 8098

Brand: KALCOL

Applications: Industrial Cleaning, Surface Care, Institutional & Catering

Product Families: Other Disinfectants & Antimicrobials, Performance Additives, Foam Control Agents

Chemical Family: Fatty Alcohols

End Uses: Body Firming Lotion, Body Creams & Lotions, Antiperspirants & Deodorants

KALCOL® 8098 is a Stearyl Alcohol (100% a.m.) used as co-emulsifier and thickener.

Proxel® Bc Preservative product card banner

Lonza

PROXEL® BC Preservative

Brand: PROXEL

Applications: Surface Care, Other Home Care, Laundry & Fabric Care

Product Families: Preservatives, Antimicrobials, Skin Actives

Chemical Family: Isothiazolinones

End Uses: Fabric Cleaners, Window Cleaners, Stain & Spot Removers

Proxel™ BC Preservative, an aqueous dispersion of a blend of 1,2-Benzisothiazolin-3-one (BIT), 5-Chloro-2-methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (CMIT), and 2-Methyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (MIT), is an antibacterial/antifungal preservative for aqueous compositions such as latex emulsions, paints, water based adhesives, aqueous mineral slurries, dyes & inks, household cleaning products, and building materials such as spackle and tape joint compound. Proxel® BC Preservative is registered with the Environmental Protection Agency and has been granted EPA registration No. 1258-1336

Polyglykol® P41/12000 product card banner

Clariant

Polyglykol® P41/12000

Brand: Polyglykol

Applications: Other Institutional & Industrial Care, Other Home Care

Product Families: Performance Additives, Other Functional Additives, Rheology Modifiers

Polyglykol P41/12000 is a water-soluble polyalkylene glycol (PAG) to be used as thickener in fire-resistant hydraulic fluids and in water-based quenchants.

Alkopon® N product card banner

Oxiteno

ALKOPON® N

Brand: ALKOPON

Applications: Industrial Cleaning, Surface Care, Commercial Laundry

Product Families: Anionic Surfactants, Emulsifiers & Demulsifiers, Foam Control Agents

Chemical Family: Alkyl Ether Sulfates

End Uses: Foot Cleansers, Detergents, Bar Soaps

Sodium lauryl ether (2)sulfate 28%

Wacker® L 053 Silicon Fluid product card banner

Wacker Chemie AG

Wacker® L 053 SILICON FLUID

Brand: Wacker

Applications: Other Home Care, Laundry & Fabric Care, Auto Care

Product Families: Performance Additives, Foam Control Agents

End Uses: Polishes, Multipurpose Surface Cleaners, Hard Surface Cleaners

WACKER® L 053 SILICON FLUID is a 100% polyether functional polydimethylsiloxane which is completely water soluble.

Silfoam® Sre product card banner

Wacker Chemie AG

SILFOAM® SRE

Brand: SILFOAM

Applications: Textile Manufacturing, Other Home Care, Dish Care

Product Families: Foam Control Agents

SILFOAM® SRE, which contains 20% active ingredient and 33% solids, is a versatile antifoam that is comparatively rich in emulsifier but is nonetheless easily metered because it has a relatively low viscosity. Since SILFOAM® SRE also possesses high resistance to alkalis and acids, it may further be used in a wide range of applications in which pH is critical.

Silfoam® Se 21 product card banner

Wacker Chemie AG

SILFOAM® SE 21

Brand: SILFOAM

Applications: Other Home Care, Surface Care

Product Families: Foam Control Agents, Other Surfactants

End Uses: Polishes, Multipurpose Surface Cleaners, Hard Surface Cleaners

SILFOAM® SE 21 is a 10% active emulsion designed for controlling foam in aqueous systems. SILFOAM® SE 21 contains those ingredients which are suitable per the FDA requirements as published in the CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS. (Under Title 21 "Food and Drugs," Part 173, "Secondary Direct Food Additives Permitted in Food for Human Consumption," Paragraph 173.340 "Defoaming Agents"). Because this regulation contains limitations, compliance to the regulation is the responsibility of the manufacturer of the finished product. SILFOAM® SE 21 is also suitable for other food contact applications. Please contact your Wacker Sales Representative for further information. SILFOAM® SE 21 is registered by NSF to Category Code 3D (as a fruit and vegetable washing product) and Q5 (for use as foam control agent in egg washing machines). Please refer to the NSF sections for further guidelines on these applications. SILFOAM® SE 21 is suitable for use in secondary or indirect food contact applications listed under FDA 21 CFR176.170; 176.180; 176.200; 176.210;175.300; 177.2600; and178.3400. SILFOAM® SE 21 can also be used in various industrial foam control applications and as a dispersion/coating leveling agent.

Tetranyl® Dm-24 product card banner

Kao Chemicals

TETRANYL® DM-24

Brand: TETRANYL

Applications: Industrial Cleaning, Institutional & Catering, Commercial Laundry

Product Families: Other Surfactants

Chemical Family: Quaternary Ammonium Compounds

Vegetal origin cationic surfactant that performs as hydrotropic agent in degreasing formulations with the capability to solubilize a wide range of electrolytes.

Multitrope™ 810 product card banner

Croda

Multitrope™ 810

Brand: Multitrope

Applications: Vehicle & Machinery, Institutional & Catering, Surface Care

Product Families: Anionic Surfactants, Wetting & Dispersion Aids, Performance Additives

Chemical Family: Anionics

End Uses: Industrial Cleaners, Oven Cleaners, Car Wash

Multitrope™ 810 is a liquid anionic hydrotrope which can be used for a range of surfactants including alcohol alkoxylates. It is particularly useful in high pH or high electrolyte formulations. It can replace the complex mixtures of hydrotropes often required in these circumstances, therefore delivering a cost benefit.